AIG Global Trade Series 2021

Building back better? Global trade and the post-COVID-19 challenge

Beyond the pandemic, how will the global trade system change? Globalization seems to be in retreat: protectionist reflexes remain strong, the tendency towards regionalisation is increasing and the search for resilience continues. But trade can, and should, play a role in the global recovery. Also, after the pandemic there are opportunities to make the trade system better, more sustainable, more inclusive, with stronger multilateral rules, including on digital trade. Understanding the dynamics of the post-COVID-19 trade system require a better understanding of the political and economic dynamics in key regions and the challenges they bring to bear for the future of global trade.


The Global Trade Series is a collaboration between AIG and the following international organizations with leading expertise on global trade: Georgetown Law, Institute of International Economic Law; Chatham House; the Clingendael Institute; the International Chamber of Commerce UK and France; the Delors Institute; the Research Institute of Economy, Trade & Industry, IAA; and the Bertelsmann Stiftung (Knowledge Partner).


Georgetown Law, Institute of International Economic Law

The Institute of International Economic Law (IIEL) is the focal point for the study of international economic law at Georgetown Law, serving as a fulcrum point for legal and policy discussions in international trade, international financial regulation, international monetary affairs, transnational business and international tax. The IIEL was founded in 1999 by the late University Professor John H. Jackson, one of the founders of today’s GATT/WTO system. It is now directed by Agnes N. Williams Research Professor of Law Chris Brummer, who leads an array of accomplished faculty members to facilitate thoughtful and scholarly research and teaching, convene stakeholder meetings and conferences bringing together public and private sector leaders, and offer Executive Education on a broad range of subjects that concern the law of international economic activity. The Institute actively approaches these fields as interrelated and at times overlapping policy spheres that impact how law is devised, practiced and enforced.

Housed at Georgetown Law, with the largest array of courses in international economic law in the country, IIEL offers students, faculty, alumni and friends the opportunity to routinely interact with top scholars, policymakers, law firms, and think tanks. As part of a top research university, IIEL strives to make available unparalleled opportunities for learning and study based on its location in the heart of Washington DC, and longstanding connections with a variety of global institutions and organizations.


Chatham House, the Royal Institute of International Affairs

Chatham House, the Royal Institute of International Affairs, is a world-leading policy institute based in London.

Its mission is to help governments and societies build a sustainably secure, prosperous and just world.

It engages governments, the private sector, civil society and its members in open debate and private discussions about the most significant developments in international affairs. Each year, the institute runs more than 300 private and public events – conferences, workshops and roundtables – in London and internationally with partners. Its convening power attracts world leaders and the best analysts in their respective fields from across the globe.

Its research work focuses on independent and rigorous analysis of critical global, regional and country-specific challenges and opportunities.


International Chamber of Commerce UK & International Chamber of Commerce France

ICC is the world’s largest business organization representing more than 45 million companies, employing 1 billion people in over 100 countries. ICC’s core mission is to make business work for everyone, every day, everywhere. Through a unique mix of advocacy, solutions and standard setting, we promote international trade, responsible business conduct and a global approach to regulation, in addition to providing market-leading dispute resolution services. Our members include many of the world’s leading companies, SMEs, business associations and local chambers of commerce. 

ICC United Kingdom is the representative office of ICC in the UK and represents the voice of UK companies at intergovernmental level.

ICC France is the representative office of ICC in France and represents the voice of French companies at intergovernmental level. Its more than 150 members include many of the French leading companies, business associations and local chambers of commerce. ICC France has ten working commissions composed by representatives of member companies and organizations who are experts in their fields. Those commissions mirror the ICC international commissions in almost every theme. 


The Clingendael Institute

Clingendael - the Netherlands Institute of International Relations - is the leading Dutch think-tank and academy for international relations. Its research, training and public debate inspires and equips societies, businesses and governments to encourage a secure, sustainable, prosperous and just world. Clingendael Research provides independent, interdisciplinary, evidence-based and policy-relevant recommendations about urgent international issues. Clingendael analyses the most important trends and issues in international environments and policy, evaluates international policy, studies opinions concerning and buy-in for international policy, develops new ideas and approaches to clarifying international developments, and provides advice on how to approach critical international issues.


The Jacques Delors Institute

The Jacques Delors Institute (JDI) is a European think tank founded in 1996 by Jacques Delors, former President of the European Commission. Its mission is to conduct independent research and to develop policy proposals both for Europe’s decision-makers and for a broader audience, in view of contributing to debates on the European integration. It promotes the exchange of ideas through the organisation of experts’ seminars and public conferences convening European leaders. Areas of expertise rang from trade policy, energy policy, EU budget, labour and social policies, European institutions and governance, European identity. The Institute is based in Paris and its team works closely with the Jacques Delors Centre (Hertie School of Governance) in Berlin founded in 2014, and the Europe – Jacques Delors created in Brussels in 2020. 


Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI)

The Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI) is a policy think tank established in 2001. Its mission is to conduct theoretical and empirical research, maximize synergies with those engaged in policymaking, and to make policy proposals based on evidence derived from such research activities. The institute is highly regarded both in Japan and abroad for its activity.

RIETI undertakes innovative studies which would not otherwise come into the government's scope of ideas or have yet to be taken up by the government with a view to mid- and long-term economic system reform as well as introducing new policies. RIETI also provides a theoretical and analytical foundation for improving or abolishing inefficient policies. RIETI's work has an impact on influential commentaries, reviews, and policy debates among experts.


Bertelsmann Stiftung – (Global Trade Series Knowledge Partner)

Bertelsmann Stiftung is a private German non-profit and non-partisan think tank founded in 1977 by Reinhard Mohn. With over 380 employees and more than 70 projects, it offers analysis and solutions in a wide array of policy fields, ranging from economic policy to education, healthcare, culture and many more. The Megatrends program of the Stiftung analyses demographic change, digitalization and globalization in conjunction. The Global Economic Dynamics project, focusing on the megatrend “globalization”, analyses developments in the world economy and contributes to updating the architecture of global trade governance. It has made a series of recommendations on the reform of the World Trade Organization. More information is available on